What Is Civil Code Section 1942.4(b)?

Civil Code Section 1942.4(b) is a crucial aspect of tenant protection in California, designed to maintain a fair and safe living environment for tenants. This code places limitations on landlords, preventing them from collecting rent, increasing rent, or issuing a 3-day pay or quit notice to a tenant when specific conditions are met. These conditions include when the property fails to meet the minimum health and safety standards outlined in Section 17920.3 of the Health and Safety Code or when it lacks the basic requirements set forth in Section 1941.1 of the California Civil Code. Understanding this code is essential for both tenants and landlords, ensuring that the rights of tenants are protected and that any sub-standard conditions are promptly addressed. By familiarizing oneself with the provisions stated in Civil Code Section 1942.4(b), tenants can navigate any potential conflicts with their landlords while enjoying the peace of mind that their rights are respected.

What Is California Civil Code Section 1942.4 B?

California Civil Code Section 1942.4(b) is a crucial provision that aims to protect tenants by restricting certain actions that landlords can take under specific circumstances. Understanding this code is essential for both landlords and tenants in California, as it directly impacts their rights and obligations.

Sub-standard conditions may include factors such as inadequate plumbing or electrical systems, lack of heating or cooling, pest infestations, or significant structural defects. These conditions not only impact the tenants quality of life but also pose serious health and safety risks.

By enacting this code, the California legislature aims to ensure that landlords don’t exploit tenants living in sub-standard conditions by demanding rent or imposing rent increases. This provision acts as a safeguard for tenants, allowing them to withhold rent until the necessary repairs are made, or seek legal remedies to resolve the issues at hand.

It’s important to note that tenants must follow the proper procedures outlined in the law to assert their rights under Civil Code Section 1942.4(b). This may involve notifying the landlord of the sub-standard conditions in writing and allowing a reasonable time for repairs to be completed. Failure to follow the correct procedures may result in tenants losing their protection under this code.

It’s designed to uphold the rights of tenants and promote safe and habitable living conditions. Tenants should be aware of their rights under this code and consult legal resources if they believe their landlord is in violation of it’s provisions.

Specific Examples of Sub-Standard Conditions That Would Fall Under California Civil Code Section 1942.4(b)

California Civil Code Section 1942.4(b) addresses sub-standard living conditions that can lead to the termination of a rental agreement. It specifies several examples of such conditions, including:

  • Failure to provide functioning and adequate heat, running water, or electricity
  • Excessive dampness or leaks that pose a health hazard
  • Inadequate sanitation facilities
  • Persistent presence of vermin, pests, or other similar infestations
  • Structural hazards that endanger the safety of tenants

If any of these sub-standard conditions exist in a rental property, tenants can use Civil Code Section 1942.4(b) to assert their rights and seek resolution with the landlord or take legal action if necessary.


This code serves as a mechanism to prevent landlords from collecting rent, raising rent, or evicting tenants who’re living in sub-standard conditions. By referencing the Health and Safety Code and the California Civil Code, this section establishes the standards that must be met for a property to be considered habitable.

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